This article addresses wisdom-in-action for nursing dissertation structure practice. We briefly describe nursing theoryreview the wisdom literature as presented in various disciplines, and identify characteristics of wisdom by analyzing four models of wisdom from other disciplines.
We also present the ten antecedents of wisdom and the ten characteristics of wisdom identified in our analysis of the wisdom literature, discuss and summarize these antecedents, and conclude that nursing dissertation structure these ten antecedents and the ten characteristics of wisdom-in-action can both help nurses demonstrate wisdom as they provide nursing care and teach new nurses the process of becoming wise in nursing practice. Thomas Stearns Eliotp. Eliot wrote this poetic line inrelating wisdom to knowledge and suggesting a distinct relationship between the concepts.
Scope and Standards of Practice adding the concept of wisdom to the nursing dissertation structure framework of data, information, and knowledge concepts in nursing informatics. Wisdom is defined in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as a knowledge nursing dissertation structure through life experiences, b the innate ability to understand things that others cannot understand, and c judgment or good sense.
Because nurses have a desire to apply wisdom within their practice and nurse informaticists need to understand how to support the use of wisdom in practice see discussion belowa clearer understanding of the concept is needed. This article describes a deliberate study to identify characteristics of nursing wisdom by examining four theories in other disciplines.
technologyevent.000webhostapp.com and analyzing patient data. Nursing theory facilitates the development of nursing knowledge and provides principles to support nursing practice. Nursing theory is developed from groups of concepts and describes their interrelationships, thus presenting a systematic view of nursing-related events.
Theory is nursing dissertation structure in all aspects of nursing care and assists the practicing nurse in organizing, understanding and analyzing patient data. Essentially, theory provides a nursing dissertation structure, consistent way of thinking about nursing care to guide the decision-making nursing dissertation structure. Theory-based, clinical practice occurs nursing dissertation structure nurses intentionally structure their practice around a particular theory to guide them in their care of the patient.
One of the greatest contributions grand theories writing a check mid-range theories.
Metatheories focus on theory about theory. These theories develop through asking philosophical and bangladesh-sports-live.000webhostapp.com questions to form a nursing dissertation structure foundation.
One of the greatest contributions grand theories, largely developed between the s and the s, provide for nursing is the differentiation between nursing practice and the practice of medicine. They offer the specificity needed for usefulness in research and practice, usually focusing on one specific topic or area of care and often beginning with a concept analysis and the development of a larger conceptual model often called a construct.
Review of the Wisdom Literature Wisdom is an abstract ideal, an end-point or characteristic, something applied in, yet separate from practice. Today, we have a large body of literature nursing dissertation structure wisdom, although much of it does not relate to wisdom in nursing practice.
Wisdom is an abstract ideal, an end-point or characteristic, something applied in, yet separate from practice. To support this exploration, definitions of wisdom from the early classic philosophy and psychology literature, and the alignment of these definitions with nursing dissertation structure, as well as definitions from the nursing literature are presented. Philosophy Classical philosophers began defining wisdom as early as B. Plato wrote that wisdom is the knowledge about the good between all that exists Truglio-Londrigan, while according to Aristotle, wisdom is knowledge of the first causes and principles of things Rice, Aristotle differentiated wisdom into five states of mind: All five of these wisdom states could define the art and science of nursing dissertation structure practice.
The nursing dissertation structure profession is built upon scientific knowledge episteme and nursing practice is grounded with theory theoretikes ANA, Nurses must understand and stay abreast of current technology techne. One of the nursing standards of practice is ethics; hence, nurses integrate ethics phronesis into all areas of their practice. Finally, the art of nursing practice is based on a framework of caring sophia.
Psychology Personal wisdom comes into play nursing dissertation structure experienced nurses reflect on their own practice, and learn from their experiences, thereby increasing their personal knowledge. General wisdom is directed toward other individuals from a third-person perspective. It is a personal trait manifested by caring for others.
Personal wisdom is about one’s own life and problems seen from a first-person perspective. These are both important to understand because nursing pertains to both general and personal wisdom. Afterwards, learning from the caring experience can be applied personally. Personal wisdom comes into play after experienced nurses reflect on their own practice, and learn from their experiences, thereby increasing their personal knowledge. Results demonstrated that all age groups were able to change negative life experiences into positive ones when wisdom was used.
Resulting themes included morality, integrity, overcoming risk or adversity, searching for insight, and striving toward blog.jookit.com improvement.
Wisdom is assumed to be intrinsically associated with age and experience Wisdom is assumed to be intrinsically associated with age and experience. Although older people have more experiences, age is not the only characteristic associated with wisdom.
This is important for nursing because it means that age is not necessarily a factor in being a wise nurse. Sternberg and his team hypothesized that the key essay helper free components of wisdom are intelligence, creativity, and knowledge, as well as nursing dissertation structure able to use these characteristics to make good decisions.
His team presented nursing dissertation structure life problem vignettes along with possible solutions to study participants. The participants rated the solutions. Then, their solutions were compared against ratings from nursing dissertation structure experts. The findings from psychology illustrate that important wisdom-character website for essays others.
All of these concepts align with the practice of nursing. Nursing Few authors have explored or attempted to define wisdom in a nursing context. Benner wrote that nursing wisdom is based on clinical judgment and a thinking-in-action approach encompassing intuition, emotions, and senses. Benner and colleagues described clinically wise nurses as both proficient and expert.
These definitions link wisdom to performance, or nursing practice, leading one to recognize that wisdom must be tied to actions using skills and knowledge. Haggerty and Grace evaluated the psychology and philosophical wisdom literature to determine the key components of clinical wisdom.
They identified the following three themes: Two concepts from the field of philosophy, praxis and phronesis, are associated with wisdom in nursing. Praxis is defined as the act of putting thesis statement for kite runner illustrated a nursing-praxis framework, merging theory, practice, and research.
Phronesis is indicative of South australian government business plan in that nurses need to be ready to determine the most appropriate response in particular circumstances Chen, Characteristics of wisdom found in praxis and phronesis e. Clinical nursing is a process requiring a practice-based theory of wisdom rooted in action.
Understanding wisdom from a nursing context will leverage the ability of both practicing nurses and nursing informaticists as they facilitate the development and use of wisdom.
This article focuses on identifying wisdom concepts that pertain to clinical nursing and that are derived from wisdom theories in other disciplines. As authors, we made three assumptions pertinent to the identification of wisdom characteristics and the development of a theory for nursing dissertation structure.
First, wisdom is defined in other disciplines. Therefore, these existing theories of wisdom likely contain characteristics useful for wisdom in clinical nursing even though these theories from other disciplines have not yet been collected into a single whole.
Second, nurses provide care for patients in clinical situations using wisdom.
Toward an Understanding of Wisdom in Nursing
Third, nurses use both general and personal wisdom as described above. Identification of Wisdom Characteristics The process of derivation as defined by Walker and Avant was used in the identification of wisdom characteristics. Derivation implies that the concepts are obtained from another source.
The method entails examining existing models or theories; selecting a core model, or models, from nursing dissertation structure to create a new rateit.com and specifying how existing models are adapted. This derivation process included three steps: We used the following four models or theories for theory derivation: These models were chosen because they focus on knowledge as the core of wisdom, a nursing dissertation structure component in the application of wisdom to any actions.
Each is described below. Wisdom is using knowledge correctly to handle or explain human problems. The components consist of four overlapping concepts: Data are symbols that represent properties of objects, events, and their environments that alone have little meaning. Information is data given structure. Knowledge is derived by discovering patterns and relationships between types of information Nelson, The ANA describes wisdom as the ability to evaluate the information and knowledge within the context of caring, and use judgment to make care decisions ANA, ; Matney, et al.
Metaheuristics are high level strategies that organize lower level rules within individuals to assist in planning, managing and evaluating nursing dissertation structure issues. A metaheuristic pragmatic to orchestrate mind and virtue toward excellence. The American Psychologist, 55 1 The BWP Figure 2 is nursing dissertation structure of three different sections: The sections include wisdom antecedent factor precursors and nursing dissertation structure concepts. Wisdom involves using good judgment, insight, nursing dissertation structure regulation, and empathy and is found in all areas of life including family interactions, writing, and personal relations.
The third section portrays qualitative criteria for solving problems. Five expertise-specific categories are deemed sequential for developing expertise: The authors’ first study was conducted using autobiographical narratives of people who thought they were wise. The second was a qualitative study of people nominated as wise; open interview questions were used in this study.
Challenges are managed head-on or through adaptation, and individuals do not feel victimized when events are beyond their control, giving individuals a sense of mastery. High levels of openness help individuals seek out wisdom-fostering situations. They step nursing dissertation structure and examine the situation to better understand the context and seriously examine their own past behavior to gain meaning and set direction.
Individuals reflect on experiences and learn from them. An assessment of the role of nursing dissertation structure intelligence in How to prepare an annotated bibliography apa format placement and performance. Today the school offers nursing degrees at the bachelors, we have a large body of literature about wisdom.